About bee and wasp stings
At the start of the season from May to September, the wasps are
busy building nest up and do not cause great inconvenience to us
humans. As the nest is completed, they become unemployed. They
therefore fly around to find food for themselves in the form of
sweets. During this period, late summer wasps as very
They are everywhere in the garden, the beach, the woods, inside
and outside. Yes, the baker´s windows with sweets are occupied by
hungry wasps. They quickly find their way into our food and drink.
If you are not careful, you can easily get to squeeze one of the
yellow jackets and thereby trigger their defense mechanism.
Ouch, a sting that hurts…
"Ouch… Why do they sting mom?"
Bees and wasps defend themselves.
Bees and wasps use their stinger as part of their defense - when
they feel threatened, or when we accidently squeeze them. When
insects use their stinger, the poison is pumped into the skin. The
result is always unpleasant and leads after a few minutes to
several hours, swelling, redness, pain and skin irritation. In
addition, itching for up to one week´s time.
Multiple stings, or a single sting for an allergic can cause
dangerous conditions such as anaphylactic shock with symptoms such
as swelling of the tongue, blood pressure, difficulty breathing,
abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea.
What happens when I get stuck?
Bee venom contains a composition of acid-containing liquids, in
particular histamine and mellitin and enzymes that enhance the
effect of the poison. The poison increases blood flow to the
puncture wound and dissolve the red blood cells which leads to pain
and red coloring of the skin. Bees are able to attack in groups,
can pursue their victim and give up to a dozen stings. The poison
from the wasp/yellow jacket is alkaline and contains more histamine
than bee poison, and serotonin that are not found in bee poison.
The poison is so powerful that it can be fatal for children of 4-5
years of age.
How many bees and wasps are there in Denmark?
Of hymenoptera insects with poisonous stinger there are around
250 different kinds of bees, 20 different species of bumblebees and
between 4,000 and 5,000 different types of wasps, of which a dozen
hornets and parasitoid wasps possess a poison sting. The sting from
these, feels almost equally unpleasant.
½ mill. people get stung in Denmark every year from bees and
wasps. Many more lives with fear of getting stung. Approximately
10,000 have an allergic reaction and need to seek medical help.
Unfortunately, on average 2 people die after sting from bees and
wasps in Denmark.