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About bee and wasp sting

About bee and wasp stings

At the start of the season from May to September, the wasps are busy building nest up and do not cause great inconvenience to us humans. As the nest is completed, they become unemployed. They therefore fly around to find food for themselves in the form of sweets. During this period, late summer wasps as very intrusive.

They are everywhere in the garden, the beach, the woods, inside and outside. Yes, the baker´s windows with sweets are occupied by hungry wasps. They quickly find their way into our food and drink. If you are not careful, you can easily get to squeeze one of the yellow jackets and thereby trigger their defense mechanism.

Ouch, a sting that hurts…

"Ouch… Why do they sting mom?" 

Bees and wasps defend themselves.

Bees and wasps use their stinger as part of their defense - when they feel threatened, or when we accidently squeeze them. When insects use their stinger, the poison is pumped into the skin. The result is always unpleasant and leads after a few minutes to several hours, swelling, redness, pain and skin irritation. In addition, itching for up to one week´s time.
Multiple stings, or a single sting for an allergic can cause dangerous conditions such as anaphylactic shock with symptoms such as swelling of the tongue, blood pressure, difficulty breathing, abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea.

What happens when I get stuck?

Bee venom contains a composition of acid-containing liquids, in particular histamine and mellitin and enzymes that enhance the effect of the poison. The poison increases blood flow to the puncture wound and dissolve the red blood cells which leads to pain and red coloring of the skin. Bees are able to attack in groups, can pursue their victim and give up to a dozen stings. The poison from the wasp/yellow jacket is alkaline and contains more histamine than bee poison, and serotonin that are not found in bee poison. The poison is so powerful that it can be fatal for children of 4-5 years of age.


How many bees and wasps are there in Denmark?

Of hymenoptera insects with poisonous stinger there are around 250 different kinds of bees, 20 different species of bumblebees and between 4,000 and 5,000 different types of wasps, of which a dozen hornets and parasitoid wasps possess a poison sting. The sting from these, feels almost equally unpleasant.
½ mill. people get stung in Denmark every year from bees and wasps. Many more lives with fear of getting stung. Approximately 10,000 have an allergic reaction and need to seek medical help. Unfortunately, on average 2 people die after sting from bees and wasps in Denmark.